Carpets
The origin of hand knotted carpets locally known as "Kal baffi" dates back to 15th century after which it progressively attained the high degree of perfection.

Kashmiri carpets are renowned through out the world mainly for two reasons one being that they are hand made and second they are always knotted not tufted. Carpet weaving in Kashmir was not originally of local decent but is thought to have come in by way of Persia. Till today, most designs are distinctly Persian with local variations. 
The loom used in Kashmir carpet weaving is composed of two horizontal wooden beams, between which the wrap threads are stretched, one beam in front of the weaver and the second behind the first. The difference between a carpet and other hand woven rugs lies in the fact that short lengths of the thread or yarn are tied to wrap chains to form the pile of the carpet.

There are different types of knots and in Kashmir the Farsi baff and the Persian system known as Sehna, or Sinneh, knot is originally used. These are commonly called knots though it is a loop rather than an actual knot. Carpets from 200 knots to 900 knots/sq. inch both in wool & silk yarn have attained such excellence that they rank amongst the finest in the world.